Conditional sentence

CONDITIONAL SENTENCE

(Kalimat Pengandaian)

Conditional sentence adalah kalimat pengandaian yang mengandaikan suatu keinginan, harapan, rencana dan lain-lain yang :

· Masih bisa terjadi (possible)

· Tak terpenuhi / angan-angan (unreal /probable) dan

· Tidak terwujud (imposible)

Bentuk :

Ada tiga conditional sentence yaitu :

· Tipe I : Future conditional yang menyatakan suatu keinginan, harapan, ataupun rencana yang masih BISA TERJADI / when we are thinking about possibilities.

Rumus

IF + S + V1, S + will +V1

Example :

If I pass the exam I will continue to university

Faktanya :

Maybe I pass the exam, if I study hard.

Saya mungkin sekali lulus ujian kalau saya belajar keras.

· Type II : Present conditional, yang menyatakan suatu keinginan, harapan ataupun rencana yang tak terpenuhi / angan-angan ( unreal) or when we imagine a situation.

Rumus

IF + S + V2, S + would + V1

Example :

If I passed the exam, I would continue to university

Faktanya:

I do not pass the exam now.

Saya tidak lulus ujian sekarang jadi saya tidak melanjutkan ke universitas.

Note:

In type II “were “ is used for all subjects

Example :

If I were you, I would continue to university ( but I am not you).

Type II berlawanan dengan fakta sekarang.

· Type III : Past conditional yang menyatakan suatu keinginan, harapan atau rencana yang tidak terwujud ( imposible) or when we imagine a situation based on the facts in the past.

Rumus

IF + S + had + V3, S + would have + V3

Example:

If I had passed the exam, I would have continued to university

Fakta:

I did not pass the exam then.

(saya tidak lulus saat itu, jadi saya tidak melanjutkan ke universitas)

Note:

Untuk tipe III sering berbentuk inversion (pembalikan posisi).

Subjek 2 kata kerjanya serta tidak menggunakan IF.

Contoh:

Had I passed the exam, I would have continued to university.

PATTERN:

Type I

IF + S + V1, S + will + V1

Type II

IF + S + V2, S + would + V1

Type III

IF + S + had + V3, S + would have + V3

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Published in: on July 10, 2008 at 2:48 pm  Leave a Comment  
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